The College of William & Mary



Marcus Holmes, Associate Professor of Government Holmes photo
Ph.D., Ohio State University;
M.A., Georgetown University; B.A., University of Virginia


The College of William & Mary

Department of Government

367 Tyler Hall

Williamsburg, VA 23185


Email: mholmes@wm.edu

Marcus Holmes is Associate Professor of Government and also teaches in the International Relations Program at William & Mary. He co-directs the Social Science Research Methods Center (SSRMC), which houses the Political Psychology and International Relations lab (PPIR), which he directs. He is also a Faculty Affiliate at the Institute for the Theory and Practice of International Relations (ITPIR). His research and teaching interests are in international security, diplomacy, international relations theory, and foreign policy. His monograph, Face-to-Face Diplomacy was published by Cambridge University Press in 2018. He earned his doctorate from The Ohio State University and has previously taught at Georgetown University, The Ohio State University, and Fordham University. 

Holmes CV


Courses Taught:

Introduction to Political Science
Introduction to International Politics
International Political Economy
Mass Violence & Genocide
Advanced International Relations Theory
Political Psychology of International Security
Analysis of International Politics (graduate)
International Business & Governments (graduate)



Face-to-Face Diplomacy: Social Neuroscience and International Relations.
Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2018.


2017. "The Psychological Logic of Peace Summits: How Empathy Shapes Outcomes of Diplomatic Negotiations." International Studies Quarterly 61: 107-122. With Keren Yarhi-Milo.

2016. "You Never Get a Second Chance to Make a First Impression? First Encounters and Face-Based Threat Perception." Journal of Global Security Studies 1(4): 285-302.

2015. "Believing This and Alieving That: Theorizing Affect and Intuitions in International Politics." International Studies Quarterly 59(4): 706-720.

2015. "Acting Rationally without Really Thinking: The Logic of Rational Intuitionism in International Relations Theory." International Studies Review 17(3): 414-440. With David Traven.

2015. "Fight-or-Flight or Tend-and-Befriend? Stress and the Political Psychology of Crisis Diplomacy." The Hague Journal of Diplomacy 10(1): 15-21.

2014. "International Politics at the Brain's Edge: Social Neuroscience and a New 'Via Media.'" International Studies Perspectives 15(2): 209-228.

2014. "The Social Brain Paradigm and Social Norm Puzzles." Journal of Theoretical Politics 26(3): 384-404. With Costas Panagopoulos.

2013. "The Force of Face-to-Face Diplomacy: Mirror Neurons and the Problem of Intentions." International Organization 67 (Fall): 829-61.

2012. "Homeland Security as International Security? The Case for International Relations as Disciplinary Model." Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management 9(1).

2011. “National Security Behavioral Detection: A Typology of Strategies, Costs, and Benefits.” Journal of Transportation Security 4(4): 361-374.

2011. "Something Old, Something New, Something Borrowed: Representations of Anarchy in IR Theory." International Relations of the Asia-Pacific 11(2): 279-308.

2009. “Just How Much Does That Cost, Anyway? An Analysis of the Financial Costs and Benefits of the ‘No-Fly’ List.” Homeland Security Affairs 5(1).

2007. “Culture Without the State: Reinvigorating Ukrainian Culture with Diasporic Efforts,” Review of Policy Research 24(2): 133-154.

Book Chapters

2016. The Social Neuroscience of Secrets in Secret Diplomacy: Theorizing Secrecy Diplomacy, Secret Diplomacy: Concepts, Contexts and Cases, edited by Corneliu Bjola and Stuart Murray, London and New York: Routledge.

2015. Digital Diplomacy and International Change Management, Digital Diplomacy: Theory and Practice, edited by Corneliu Bjola and Marcus Holmes, London and New York: Routledge (13-32).

2015. Conclusion: The Future of Digital Diplomacy, Digital Diplomacy: Theory and Practice, edited by Corneliu Bjola and Marcus Holmes, London and New York: Routledge (199-206).

2012. Liminal Agents and Structures in International Politics, The Paths of Folklore: Essays in Honor of Natalie Kononenko, edited by Svitlana Kukharenko and Peter Holloway, Bloomington, IN: Slavica Publishers (227-243). 

Book Reviews and Other Non-Peer Reviewed Publications

Forthcoming. Review of Emotional Diplomacy: Official Emotion on the International Stage (Todd H. Hall, Cornell University Press, 2015). Perspectives on Politics.

Forthcoming. Review of Diplomacy’s Value (Brian C. Rathbun, Cornell University Press, 2014), International Studies Review.

Forthcoming. "Anarchy" entry, Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology (with W. Michael Campbell, Jr.).W&M Student

2016. Review of Foreign Policy Breakthroughs: Cases in Successful Diplomacy (edited by Robert Hutchings and Jeremi Suri, Oxford University Press, 2015), H-Diplo.

2015. Diplomacy after Policymaking: Theorizing Hyper-Empowered Individuals (Review of Diplomatic Afterlives (Andrew F. Cooper, Polity Press, 2014)), International Studies Review 17.4: 708-710.

2015. Review of Mixed Emotions: Beyond Fear and Hatred in International Conflict
(Andrew Ross, University of Chicago Press, 2013), Political Science Quarterly 130.1: 174-176.

Works in Progress: "Measuring Without a Ruler: International Law, Utilitarian Norms, and the Problem with Compliance"