The College of William & Mary



Marcus Holmes, Associate Professor of Government Holmes photo
Ph.D., Ohio State University;
M.A., Georgetown University; B.A., University of Virginia


The College of William & Mary

Department of Government

367 Tyler Hall

Williamsburg, VA 23185


Email: mholmes@wm.edu

Marcus Holmes is co-director of the Social Science Research Methods Center (SSRMC), which houses the Political Psychology and International Relations (PPIR) lab, which he directs. His research and teaching interests are in international security, international relations theory, foreign policy, and diplomacy. Holmes has published, or has articles forthcoming, in International Organization, International Studies Quarterly, International Studies Review, Journal of Theoretical Politics, Journal of Global Security Studies, and other leading journals. His monograph, Face-to-Face Diplomacy (Cambridge University Press, 2018) won the 2018 Best Book on Diplomacy award from the Diplomatic Studies Section of the International Studies Association. He earned his doctorate from The Ohio State University and has previously taught at Georgetown University, The Ohio State University, and Fordham University. 

Holmes CV


Winner of 2018 Best Book on Diplomacy Award from the Diplomatic Studies Section of the International Studies Association.


Forthcoming. "Social Bonding in Diplomacy." International Theory. With Nicholas J. Wheeler.

Forthcoming. "Measuring Without a Ruler: Assessing Compliance with Calculative International Norms." Journal of Global Security Studies. With David Traven.

2019. "Re-evaluating Theory and Methods in Diplomatic History: Bringing in Psychology, Neuroscience, Micro-Sociology, and Quantum." Diplomatica 1.1:19-15.

2018. "Palestine in Hebrew: Overcoming the Limitations of Traditional Diplomacy." Revista Mexicana de Politica Exterior (Mexican Journal of Foreign Policy) 113 (with Ilan Manor, published as part of a special issue on public diplomacy, simulataneouosly in Spanish)

2017. "The Psychological Logic of Peace Summits: How Empathy Shapes Outcomes of Diplomatic Negotiations." International Studies Quarterly 61: 107-122. With Keren Yarhi-Milo.

2016. "You Never Get a Second Chance to Make a First Impression? First Encounters and Face-Based Threat Perception." Journal of Global Security Studies 1(4): 285-302.

2015. "Believing This and Alieving That: Theorizing Affect and Intuitions in International Politics." International Studies Quarterly 59(4): 706-720.

2015. "Acting Rationally without Really Thinking: The Logic of Rational Intuitionism in International Relations Theory." International Studies Review 17(3): 414-440. With David Traven.

2015. "Fight-or-Flight or Tend-and-Befriend? Stress and the Political Psychology of Crisis Diplomacy." The Hague Journal of Diplomacy 10(1): 15-21.

2014. "International Politics at the Brain's Edge: Social Neuroscience and a New 'Via Media.'" International Studies Perspectives 15(2): 209-228.

2014. "The Social Brain Paradigm and Social Norm Puzzles." Journal of Theoretical Politics 26(3): 384-404. With Costas Panagopoulos.

2013. "The Force of Face-to-Face Diplomacy: Mirror Neurons and the Problem of Intentions." International Organization 67 (Fall): 829-61.

2012. "Homeland Security as International Security? The Case for International Relations as Disciplinary Model." Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management 9(1).

2011. “National Security Behavioral Detection: A Typology of Strategies, Costs, and Benefits.” Journal of Transportation Security 4(4): 361-374.

2011. "Something Old, Something New, Something Borrowed: Representations of Anarchy in IR Theory." International Relations of the Asia-Pacific 11(2): 279-308.

2009. “Just How Much Does That Cost, Anyway? An Analysis of the Financial Costs and Benefits of the ‘No-Fly’ List.” Homeland Security Affairs 5(1).

2007. “Culture Without the State: Reinvigorating Ukrainian Culture with Diasporic Efforts,” Review of Policy Research 24(2): 133-154.

Book Chapters

2016. The Social Neuroscience of Secrets in Secret Diplomacy: Theorizing Secrecy Diplomacy, Secret Diplomacy: Concepts, Contexts and Cases, edited by Corneliu Bjola and Stuart Murray, London and New York: Routledge.

2015. Digital Diplomacy and International Change Management, Digital Diplomacy: Theory and Practice, edited by Corneliu Bjola and Marcus Holmes, London and New York: Routledge (13-32).

2015. Conclusion: The Future of Digital Diplomacy, Digital Diplomacy: Theory and Practice, edited by Corneliu Bjola and Marcus Holmes, London and New York: Routledge (199-206).

2012. Liminal Agents and Structures in International Politics, The Paths of Folklore: Essays in Honor of Natalie Kononenko, edited by Svitlana Kukharenko and Peter Holloway, Bloomington, IN: Slavica Publishers (227-243). 

Working paper: The Neglect of Individuals in International Relations (with Richard Jordan and Eric Parajon)

Working paper: The Strength of Weak Bonds: Substituting Bodily Co-Presence in Diplomatic Social Bonding (with Nicholas J. Wheeler)

Working paper: Inferring Intentions from Consequences: How Moral Judgments Shape Citizen Perceptions of Wartime Conduct (with Jonathan Chu and David Traven)

Working paper: Poverty Porn Works: Negative Imagery, Affective Empathy, and Foreign Development Aid (with Burcu Bayram)